Definitions

Website Sections Definitions

Newly Added Cases and Simulations: This category includes the most recently added resources.

Selected Resources for Teaching and Learning: Resources are posted in this section to help instructors best utilize the resources housed in this portal, as well as textbook resources.

Feedback/Suggestions/Case and Simulations Proposals: Give us your recommendations and suggestions to add to or improve our portal. If you have an idea for a case or simulation — video or fiction — this is the place to submit it. Join our community of contributors.

"Topic" Definitions for Resources

Public Managment: The foundations of public management are explored through the resources offered in this section. The resources in this section address the essential aspects of public management and how administration impacts development and delivery of services.

Nonprofit Management: The foundations of nonprofit management are explored through the resources offered in this section. The resources in this section address the essential aspects of nonprofit management and how administration impacts development and delivery of services.

Organizational Theory: The application of theories of management, organization, and culture are represented in this section.

Human Resources & Diversity: The shared experiences of creating, cultivating, and changing a human resource management system and the experiences in managing towards a diverse, representative, and inclusive workforce are chronicled here.

Decision Making: Topics covered include how decisions are made, theoretical models of decision making, dysfunctions in decision making, and application of decision making techniques in various administrative and topical areas.

Politics/Policy Making: The intersection of politics and policy making, bureaucratic discretion, reform, activism, neutrality issues, and the role of administrators are covered in this topical area.

Multi-Level Governance/Networking: Partnerships, collaborations, contracting, networking, and interorganizational and intergovernmental performance challenges are targeted in this section. Inter-local and shared services concepts are also presented.

Performance Measurement and Management: Improving public and nonprofit performance is the topical area of the resources offered in this section. Measuring performance and developing performance management systems are also covered.

Program Evaluation: The practice of collecting empirical data and conducting program evaluations; and how these data are used to direct decision making and influence/educate stakeholders is the topic addressed in this section.

Budgeting and Finance: Public and nonprofit budgeting, budgeting processes, types of budgets, theories of budgeting, and financial policy making and implementation are addressed through the resources offered in this category.

Leadership: Leadership theory and practice topics are addressed including the application of prevailing leadership theories. Included in this topical area are resources related to power, authority, and influence.

Ethics: The role of ethics and values: individual and organizational are explored in this topical area. Ethical dilemmas and the application of values in decision making are also highlighted.

Technology: The impact of the rapidly growing field of technology: social networking, information access, and information interaction are addressed in relationship to the area of public and nonprofit administration.

Community Service/Citizen Participation: Best practices and pitfalls encountered in the development and implementation of strategies to engage citizens in a variety of public and nonprofit governance and management environments is the topic of this resource area.

Emerging Topics: Trending topics such as e-governance, performance measurement, citizen participation, popular culture, capturing youth's attention and commitment to public service, and the internationalization of public and nonprofit administration are highlighted in this section.

"Sector" Definitions for Resources

Public Sector: The resources listed in this sector have been identified based on a broad definition of the public sector: topics related to local, county, state, or federal government operations in the areas of legislation, administration, executive, or judicial. As such we define the public sector within the construct of government as it is defined locally and/or nationally specific to the city, state, or nation in which or for which the resource was created.

Nonprofit Sector: The resources listed under the nonprofit sector highlight charitable, tax-exempt organizations as defined by the IRS (Internal Revenue Service - U.S.A.) or by the country within which the resource was created. In this regard, the nonprofit sector is frequently identified as the charitable sector, charity, not for profit, the third sector, the voluntary sector, NGO (non government organization), and nonprofit community based organizations.

"Type" Definitions for Resources

Cases: A collection of instructional narratives of a descriptive or explanatory quality. These written narratives focus on a "real life" topic and are presented and analyzed based upon scholarly research related to the problem of focus.

Fiction: Novels and fictional cases related to the field of inquirer.

Simulations: Interactive games with a focus on the application of a discreet practice. These activities are presented in either a web based or printed format and include both individual and group options for application/use.

Videos & Movies: TV, movies, and video tapes produced professionally and by amateurs.

"Source" Definitions for Resources

Rutgers SPAA Sponsored Cases and Simulations: The resources posted in this section have been written by scholars who identified a topic and were awarded an opportunity to have their case sponsored by the School of Public Affairs and Administration. We congratulate these authors for their scholarly and timely work.

Public Domain: Resources posted here have been identified through websites that can be accessed publicly. The sources for each have been cited.

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