Measuring Societal Benefits of R&D: Case Study Performance Metrics

Dervilla Donnelly, Marcel Herbst, Thomas M. Pelsoci, Christoph Mandl, Stefan Kuhlmann
Excellence has become one of the key foci of higher education, at least in Europe. The concern with excellence is tied to the observation that excellence is rare but needed; it may also be tied to the perception that excellence is to be found elsewhere now—and that it was once an exclusive attribute of European universities. There is no doubt that most European universities have lost their once dominant position in the world of learning [5]. It is unclear why this has happened, and it is generally thought that the catastrophic events in conjunction with the Nazi Regime and World War II are at least partially responsible for the decline of European science [21, 25, 28] and its slow recovery since. The question remains to be answered, however, why Europe was in a position to recover economically and as an industrial base of strength, even in today’s globalized world, while it failed to regain its once noble position in higher education and research. The answer to this riddle may have to found within higher education itself.
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