Universal Programs and Unintended Divisions: A Case Study of After-School Program Legislation

Author(s)
Anita Ilta Garey
 
Date
2001
 
 
Abstract
In 1999, legislation in California provided new funds for school-based after-school programs. Unlike other state-funded child care programs, these programs were not targeted to particular groups. Parents and teachers hoped that this universal approach would eliminate the existing situation in which, after sharing a classroom during the day, children joined either the targeted or private after-school programs that divided largely along lines of race-ethnicity and class. In this working paper, I describe the processes that were set in motion by legislatively-mandated program restrictions and inadequate funding – processes with served to reproduce socioeconomic and racial-ethnic divisions in school-based after-school programs.
 
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